Becoming a Tech-Know Pro
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The ABC's of Becoming a Tech-Know Pro

Cissy Lujan-Pincomb

(Note that this technology skills listing is a bit out of date - feel free to update it for your own use.)

After completing each section of the alphabet you will receive a learner's permit. This enables you to teach a Tech-Know buddy. After completing all the ABC's you will receive your official Tech- Know Pro License! To become a Cyberspace Kid you must have a Tech-Know Pro license and a Cyberspace License. Good Luck computing!

This Cyber Highway is free of speed limits! You may go as fast as your cyber skills will take you!

  1. Identify five major parts of a computer
    1. Central Processing Unit
      • It is the hardware used in the computation of data.
      • It is the "brain" of the computer.
      • Also known as the CPU.
    2. Monitor
      • This provides the visual display of the information.
      • It is not a television set. Monitors have a higher resolution which enable users to read small fonts on screen.
      • Understand what a pixel is.
    3. User input devices
      • Keyboard - This is in the same basic format as typewriters.
      • Mouse - This is used to make selections and decisions on screen.
      • Scanner - This is used to convert a picture into digital information which can then be used or edited by the computer.
      • Modem - This is used to link computers via the phone lines.
      • Zip Drive - external portable hard drive.
    4. Storage/Input devices
      • Floppy Disk Drives - Provides the user with removable memory sources.
      • Hard Disk Drives - Provides the user with a large, fast, and dependable memory source. These are usually part of the actual computer and are not removable.
      • Compact Disc Drive-Identical to audio CD's in size and benefits. Both provide the user with a very large and dependable memory source. These are, however, much slower than hard disks or even floppy disks.
      • Other
    5. Output devices
      • Dot Matrix Printer - Printer which uses a combination of pins striking the ribbon to print.
      • Ink Jet Printer - Printer which sprays ink through tiny nozzles onto the paper. Provides inexpensive quality printing.
      • Laser Printer - The Cadillac of printers. Provides the highest quality of printing as quickly as possible.
  2. Describe common uses for the computer
    • Word Processor - The electronic manipulation of text characters. This includes letters, papers, and even longer documents.
    • Desktop Publishing - Electronic page layouts for newsletters, magazines, flyers, etc.This usually includes the combination of text and graphics.
    • Database - The electronic manipulation of information. Being able to sort, organize,or find specific items out of large collections of information. Also used to keep repetitive records such as addresses or employee information.
    • Spreadsheet - The electronic manipulation of numbers. Used for statistical analysis, accounting, or number crunching applications.
    • Graphics - The electronic manipulation of graphical images. Used to edit still pictures,slides, scanned images, or full motion video.
    • Audio - The electronic manipulation of digital audio sounds. Used in the manufacture of compact discs and digital tapes.
    • Communication - Sending digital messages from one computer to another, used in many offices around the world in place of more traditional methods of communication.
  3. Keyboarding
    • Students should recognize the alphabet on the keyboard.
    • Students should recognize the difference between upper and lower case letters.
    • Students should recognize the two sets of numbers on the keyboard.
    • Students will be expected to use correct fingering in typing.
    • Students will use a variety of keyboard tutoring programs to accomplish this.
    • Students will be able to use the command-key (open-apple) combinations to accomplish tasks more quickly.
  4. Proper care of software and hardware
    Students will know the following about software/hardware:
    • Software is magnetic in nature and should thus be kept away from any magnetic field generators i.e. tops of disk drives, magnets, x - ray machines, metal detectors, etc.
    • Software disks should be handled with care. One should never touch the actual floppy disk inside the case.
    • Hardware is very sensitive electronic equipment. Most circuits carry only 10 volts. The typical static electricity discharge is 50-100 volts. This means any direct contact with the inner workings of the machine should be done only by a grounded person or tool.
    • Hardware is also picky about what is put inside of it. Liquids, crumbs, erasers, etc. don't sit too well.
    • Care should be taken whenever moving the system that it doesn't receive any violent bumps, cuts, or abrasions.
    • Dust the machine regularly, clean the inside of the mouse, and follow any other cleaning suggestions from the manufacturer.
  5. Ability to Use the Mouse (Please don't feed the mouse!)
    • Ability to move the mouse to specific items.
    • Ability to select those items with the mouse button.
    • Recognize and apply mouse terms such as click, shift click, click and drag.
    • Ability to clean the mouse.
  6. Ability to power up and power down a system
    • Simply turn power switch on and wait for system to power up.
    • To shut the system down, choose shutdown from the special menu, wait until the system has organized itself and told you it is O.K. to shut off the power, and turn off the power switch.
    • Ability to shut down the computer if there is a screen freeze.
    • Show what a warm and cold boots are.
  7. Operating the Macintosh Finder
    1. Using the File Menu
      • New - Students will use this menu command to create new folders or documents within applications.
      • Open - Students will use this menu command to open previously created folders and documents.
      • Close - Students will use this menu command to close the current folder, document, or window.
      • Save - Students will use this menu command to periodically save an already named document while they are working on it.
      • Save As... - Students will use this menu command to name, place in a folder, and then save a newly created document or to rename an older document.
      • Page Setup - Students will use this menu command to give specific commands to the printer concerning the type of paper being used.
      • Print - Students will use this menu command to give special commands to the printer concerning print quality, number of copies, page orientation, and to print their documents.
      • .Quit - Students will use this menu command to quit the current application.
      • Other commands may appear in this menu depending upon the application.
    2. Using the Edit Menu
      • Undo - Students will use this menu command to undo the last command given to the computer. Not all commands are undoable.
      • Cut - Students will use this menu command to cut a selection from a document, removing it from the master, and placing it on the clipboard.
      • Copy - Students will use this menu command to copy a selection from a document, leaving the master intact, and placing it on the clipboard.
      • Paste - Students will use this menu command to place the contents of the clipboard into a document.
      • Clear - Students will use this menu command to clear a selection from the screen. This is similar to deleting text.
      • Select All - Students will use this menu command to select all of the objects or text in a document.
      • Publishing - Students will use this menu command to publish documents to appear automatically in other documents called subscribers.
      • Special Functions - The Edit Menu will contain special functions depending on the application. See the owner's manual for more information.
    3. Using the View Menu
      • This menu gives the students the ability to change the way they are viewing the screen.
      • Some common menu items would be tools, rulers, grids, invisibles, etc.
    4. Using the Help Menu
      • Students will use this menu to receive online help for a particular application.
      • Balloon Help is one method of providing the online help. Simply select balloon help and whatever command you are pointing at will be accompanied by a balloon describing the command.
    5. Using the Application Menu
      • Hide - Students will use this menu command to hide a particular application from view. The application is still on the desktop and running.
      • Show - Students will use this menu command to show an application that had been previously hidden.
      • Finder - Students will use this menu command to toggle between the application they are running and the finder.
      • Students will also use this menu to toggle between two applications being run simultaneously.
    6. Using Pop-Up Windows
      • Students will use these windows to interact with the specific application to open, save, spell check, etc.
  8. Interact with drill and practice applications
    1. Students will be able to select and launch these applications.
      • ClarisWorks
      • HyperStudio
      • Simple Text
      • Timeliner
      • Print Shop Deluxe
      • Netscape
      • Telnet
    2. Students will be able to work with a particular application's menus to accomplish their tasks.
    3. Students will be able to quit these applications.
  9. Interact with simulation applications
    1. Students will be able to select and launch these applications.
    2. Students will be able to work with a particular application's menus to accomplish their tasks.
    3. Students will be able to quit these applications.
  10. Word Processing
    1. Students will use correct formatting techniques, including tabs and paragraph rulers, when creating word processing documents.
    2. Students will use the art library to add graphics to their word processing document.
    3. Students will use keyboarding skills to produce written assignments.
    4. Students will use the word processor to complete papers for language, social studies, science, etc. classes.
    5. Students will use the spell checker to aid in proofreading their documents.
  11. Database
    1. Students will learn the structure of a database.
    2. Students will create their own database.
    3. Students will use existing databases.
  12. Spreadsheet
    1. Students will learn that the spreadsheet is composed of rows and columns.
      • Columns are vertical division on the page with each column being labeled with a letter. Most spreadsheets contain 256 columns.
      • Rows are horizontal divisions on the page with each row being labeled with a number.
    2. Students will use the spreadsheet as a calculator.
      • Students will keep track of their grades.
      • Students will construct formulas to simplify calculations.
    3. Students will use the spreadsheet to make simple graphs.
    4. Students will use the spreadsheet to organize information into tables.
  13. Graphics
    1. Students will be able to use and modify clip art in their documents.
    2. Students will be able to use the assorted drawing tools.
    3. Students will be able to use the painting tools.
    4. Students will be able to use the digital camera and use the images in projects.
    5. Students will use the desktop scanner to create digital images from photos or other sources.
  14. Desktop Publishing
    1. Students will produce posters and signs.
    2. Students will create an All About Me brochure.
    3. Students will publish a classroom newsletter.
    4. Students will create a topical slide show.
  15. Multimedia
    1. Students will be able to make a 3 card stack in HyperStudio.
    2. Students will be able to use HyperStudio for project or presentation.
    3. Students will be able to use HyperStudio and the Internet for projects or presentation.
  16. The Internet &World Wide Web
    1. Students will be able to describe the internet and the World Wide Web.
    2. Students will be able to navigate the web by using the tool bar buttons.
    3. Students will view web pages which have been teacher selected to increase the curriculum resources.
    4. Students will learn how to formulate searches.
    5. Students will be able to understand acceptable use policy for the Internet.
    6. Students will browse online web sites for research purposes.
    7. Students will categorize their sites using bookmarks.
    8. Students will use the web to download appropriate files.
    9. Students will learn how to create web pages using the HTML standard.
  17. E-Mail
    1. Students will learn the fundamental types of e-mail service.
    2. Students will learn about netiquette in using electronic communication.
    3. Students will send and receive e-mail.
    4. Students will send files via e-mail using attachments.
  18. Get your license!

You are now a TECH-KNOW PRO!

Cyberspace Kid

To become a Cyberspace Kid, continue on to these advanced topics:

  1. FTP
  2. Fetch
  3. Scan
  4. Keep our class home page current
  5. Train teachers
  6. Train parents
  7. Give presentations
  8. You are a true Cyberspace Kid - you need to get paid!